BARIATRIC SURGERY is any surgical intervention employed to treat obesity by seeking the reduction of weight and body mass. The objective of these interventions is to reduce the energy supply and body fat formation, considering one of two principles:
The objective of these interventions is to prevent death and improve the quality of life through a healthy weight.
Different national and international organizations have coincided that obesity is a global pandemic with the most significant health risks. These risks are based on three factors: magnitude, speed of which it grows and propagates, and the highly harmful effect it has on the population.
In Mexico, according to the National Health and Nutrition Poll done in 2016, 73% of adults are overweight or obese; this means 7 of 10 adults. It is 40% (4 of 10) for the young population, and for children, it is 33% (1 of 3).
There is a difference between being overweight and being obese. Obesity is when the extra weight surpasses the normal bodily limits. We know this by the BMI or body mass index. To determine the BMI, you divide your weight in kilos between your height squared (meters).
You can calculate your BMI in the following calculator:
How to read your results:
There are three types of bariatric surgeries:
They are focused on decreasing the volume of the stomach to promote weight loss and limit food intake. The remainder of the digestive tract remains intact. These techniques include the gastric band, gastric sleeve, and intragastric balloon.
They change the shape in which the digestive tract functions, by reducing the size of the small intestine and hurrying the transit of food. Within this technique, you find the jejunoileal bypass.
A combination of the before mentioned methods. Within these techniques, we find the Gastric Bypass.
To be a candidate for bariatric surgery, you need to have specific requirements:
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